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❶Castles were often built on hilltops or surrounded by water to make them easier to defend. The first towns and cities had walls to keep out invaders Kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves.

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What are castles?


Most castle building had stopped by the 16th Century. Many castles fell into disuse and became ruins. Cannon balls travelled a lot faster than things thrown by a catapault or trebuchet and did a lot more damage. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be.

Everything about a castle was built to keep the people inside safe. It is made up of many different parts — not just one building. The main building inside the castle is the keep, which was protected by walls and towers. The first castles were built by the Normans and were called motte and bailey castles. Some of the first castles were made from wood to start with before they were built from stone.

Stone is a longer lasting material, and more difficult for attackers to break down. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. Castles were only as good as their defences — these included ramparts, bastions and arrow loops.

Edward I had concentric castles built in England — he added more than one curtain wall around the castle so the enemy would have a harder time breaking through. These were expensive to build though. Chepstow Castle started to be built. Castles started to be built using stone. The trebuchet was first used in England at the siege of Dover Castle. Edward I was king of England, and started having concentric castles built.

The English Civil War took place, and many castles were used by the royalists supporters of King Charles to defend themselves against the roundheads supporters of Parliament.

Construction of Castle Drogo was finished — the last castle to be built in England. Have a look through the pictures in the gallery below and see if you can spot the following: Concentric castle Beaumaris Castle in Wales Motte and bailey castle labelled diagram Motte and bailey castle Cardiff Castle in Wales Diagrams of three types of castles — motte and bailey, stone keep and concentric A stone keep Castle Rising in Norfolk A stone keep White Tower at the Tower of London Arrow loop from the inside Cutaway diagram of a castle wall Maiden Castle ramparts Diagram of how a trebuchet works A trebuchet A picture of a siege tower rolled up next to the castle walls.

A late 12th-century castle. What were the first castles buit like? Why were castles built? Where were castles built? What is the biggest castle in England? What is the biggest castle in the world? Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. This site uses cookies. The first in western Europe to be built to a concentric design.

Having many walls meant that even if an enemy broke through the outer wall, there was, in effect, a second castle securely defended and stored with provisions. Beaumaris castle Considered to be the best example of a concentric castle. Concentric castles became even more popular after the invention of gunpowder since they could withstand a siege whilst a regular castle could not. Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. This site uses cookies. See our Cookie Policy for information.


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The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1, years ago and lasted for nearly years. The Normans introduced the first proper castles, starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in

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A castles is a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or important person to protect the people inside from attack. They were both a home and a fortress. What is the biggest castle in England? The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is.

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The Normans built castles to help them defend the land they’d just conquered. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. William the Conqueror had some of England’s most famous castles built – these include Windsor Castle and the White Tower at the Tower of London. Born witches and wizards, the house mascot is the badger, there are a few paths and clearings. primary homework help castles inside terrorist attacks, several model trains have .

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